BIFMA M7.1 requires testing of VOC and aldehyde emissions after three and after seven days in a test chamber. Testing can be conducted on representative component materials, component assemblies, or on fully assembled products. Data from the testing is used to determine compliance with room concentration or emission factor criteria in BIFMA X7.1.
A trusted resource for product emissions testing, UL has evaluated over 70,000 products and cataloged more than 10,000 chemicals from product emissions.
Our state-of-the-art technology allows us to measure chemicals from a wide range of products with the utmost precision. Our familiarity with both national and international emissions testing standards, green building codes, and rating systems enables UL to partner with manufacturers to conduct product emissions testing in ways that maximize efficiency and cost effectiveness.
Furniture manufacturers and their suppliers can begin testing with the BIFMA M7.1 method as a great first step toward creating lower emission and more environmentally-friendly products.
By testing to the BIFMA M7.1 test method, manufacturers also can:
- Demonstrate compliance with industry requirements
- Use results as baseline testing for regulatory risk assessments for user exposure
- Take the first step toward compliance with purchasing criteria and product certification programs including UL GREENGUARD Certification
Emissions data can be used to earn up to three optional credits in the BIFMA level furniture sustainability scheme (credits 7.6.1, 7.6.2, and 7.6.3).
- Credit 7.6.1 – Emissions criteria are identical to BIFMA X7.1 standard (50 ppb formaldehyde and 500 µg/m3 Total VOC).
- Credit 7.6.2 – Emissions criteria include target list of 30 additional compounds with Chronic Reference Exposure Levels including lower formaldehyde limit of 13.5 ppb. This credit language forms the basis of the LEED v4 Low Emitting Materials requirements for furniture products.
- Credit 7.6.3 – Emissions criteria include the most stringent formaldehyde limit of 7.3 ppb.